1 “Therefore there is now no condemnation at all for those who are in Christ Jesus. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set you free from the law of sin and of death. 3 For what the Law could not do, weak as it was through the flesh, God did: sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh, 4 so that the requirement of the Law might be fulfilled in us who do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.”
No condemnation…in Christ: Much Christian theology is based upon pressure-filled and guilt-driven messages. However, Paul’s gospel was far from this. Paul argues that there is no condemnation in Christ. The law condemns (Romans 3:19-20). But all who are in Christ Jesus, that is all who believe, are not condemned. In Christ, in this special location, there is total acceptance.
Law of the Spirit of life: One law, the law of the Spirit, overtook the Old Covenant law of sin and death. Paul does not leave room for a mixture of law and grace. Grace has replaced the Old Covenant law. If we mix the two, then we will not see the freedom of the Gospel.
Law could not do: The law could not save people. So, God did, past tense, what the law could not do. God is taking the place of the law. Paul is encouraging believers to build their theological foundation on this reality.